France wants an EU tax on ship fuel and planes to bring down greenhouse gas emissions. Several major shipping lines like Maersk and BW Group have previously recommended one type of tax on shipping's fuel.
Alexis Kohler, French President Emmanuel Macron's chief of staff, is being investigated for his dealings with MSC when he was serving the previous government before being hired as the shipping company's CFO.
That Belgian and French ports are exempted from paying taxes on their profits constitutes illegal state aid, concludes the EU's competition commissioner Margrethe Vestager. But the ports will not be required to repay the received aid.